This course introduces students to the basic tenets of integrational linguistics and integrationism. Integrational linguistics builds on the foundational work of Roy Harris (1931-2015), and takes as its point of departure a theory of the sign which emphasizes the temporal, contextual and experiential dimensions of language and communication. Language users are also seen as language makers, in that they constantly create meaning and integrate and adapt their linguistic experience to novel situations. Integrational linguistics theorizes the sign as subservient to human activities; it sees itself as ‘lay-oriented’, in that it takes as its point of departure the idea that every language user is also a ‘linguist,’ and seeks to understand the status of concepts like ‘language’, ‘words’, ‘rule’, ‘understanding’, ‘communication’, etc. as they are reflected or realized in the lay and professional understandings of language. While integrational linguistics is 'lay-oriented', it is, however, not a folk theory of communication. This course aims to provide insights into a wide range of philosophical questions about language and communication, contrasting the integrational view to the so-called ‘segregational’ view and raising questions about linguistics as an empirical science and as an ethnocentric enterprise.
Students will gain an understanding of the basic premises of integrational linguistics and integrationism, and will be able to identify the ways in which these differ from those of mainstream or orthodox linguistics. Students will be introduced to debates about whether integrational linguistics can be applied to data, and may explore this issue in a project involving empirical research. In so doing students will acquire a framework for reflecting on their own individual linguistic experience, and arrive at an understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the integrational paradigm as a whole.
The primary requirements are an end-of-term research paper (70%) and an in-class quiz covering the lecture contents (30%). The research paper (2000 words) can be theoretical or empirical in nature. The former will be based on a scholarly engagement with a selection of secondary sources, while the latter requires students to apply the theoretical concepts of integrational linguistics to the analysis of ‘data’.
Harris, Roy. 1998. Introduction to Integrational Linguistics. Pergamon Press.
Harris, Roy. 2010. Linguistic Inquiry. An Integrational Approach. (Unpublished revised text of Harris 1998)
Cobley, Paul, Pablé, Adrian & Johan Siebers. (Eds.). 2020. ‘Integrationism, Biosemiotics and Philosophy of Communication’. Special Issue of Sign Systems Studies 48(1). University of Tarttu Press.
Davis, Hayley and Talbot Taylor. 1990. Redefining Linguistics. Routledge.
Harris, Roy. 1996. Signs, Language and Communication. Routledge.
Harris, Roy. 1981. The Language Myth. Duckworth.
Harris, Roy. 1987. The Language Machine. Cornell University Press.
Harris, Roy. 1996. Saussure and his Interpreters. Edinburgh University Press.
Harris, Roy (ed.). 2002. The Language Myth in Western Culture. Curzon Press.
Harris, Roy. 2004. The Linguistics of History. EUP.
Harris, Roy. 2005. The Semantics of Science. Continuum.
Harris, Roy. 2006. Integrationist Notes and Papers. 2003-2005. Tree Tongue.
Harris, Roy. 2009. Integrationist Notes and Papers. 2006-2008. Bright Pen.
Harris, Roy. 2011. Integrationist Notes and Papers. 2009-2011. Bright Pen.
Harris, Roy. 2012. Integrationist Notes and Papers. 2012. Bright Pen.
Harris, Roy. 2013. Integrationist Notes and Papers. 2013. Bright Pen.
Harris, Roy. 2014. Integrationist Notes and Papers. 2014. Bright Pen.
Harris, Roy and Christopher Hutton. 2007. Definition in Theory and Practice. Continuum.
Hutton, Christopher. 1990. Abstraction and Instance. Pergamon Press.
Hutton, Christopher. 2019. Integrationism and the Self: Reflections on the Legal Personhood of Animals. London and New York: Routledge.
Love, Nigel. (ed.) 2004. Language and History. Integrationist Perspectives. Routledge.
Love, Nigel. 1990. The Foundations of Linguistic Theory. Selected Writings of Roy Harris. Routledge.
Pablé, Adrian & Christopher Hutton. 2015. Signs, Meaning and Experience. Integrational Approaches to Linguistics and Semiotics. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter.
Razvan Saftoiu & Adrian Pablé (Eds.). 2018. ‘Integrating Dialogue’. Special Issue of Language & Dialogue 8,1. John Benjamins.
Taylor, Talbot. 1992. Mutual Misunderstanding. Duke University Press.
Toolan, Michael. 1996. Total Speech. An Integrational Linguistic Approach to Language. Duke University Press.
Toolan, Michael. (ed.) 2009. Language Teaching. Integrational Linguistic Approaches. Routledge.
Wolf, George and Nigel Love (eds.). 1997. Linguistics Inside Out: Roy Harris and his Critics. John Benjamins.
Additional Readings (selection)
Harris & Wolf. 1998. Integrational Linguistics: A First Reader. Pergamon Press.
Harris, Roy. 1986. The Origin of Writing. Duckworth.
Harris, Roy. 2000. Rethinking Writing. Continuum Press.
Davis, Hayley. 2001. Words. An Integrational Approach. Curzon.
Harris, Roy. 2003. The Necessity of Artspeak. Continuum Press.
Harris, Roy. 2010. The Great Debate about Art. University of Chicago Press.
Harris, Roy. 1996. The Language Connection. Thoemmes Press.
Harris, Roy. 2008. Mindboggling. Pantaneto Press.
Harris, Roy. 2009. After Epistemology. Bright Pen.
The following books are available online as ‘ebooks’ in the university library:
Harris, Roy and George Wolf (eds.).1998. Integrational Linguistics a first Reader. Pergamon.
Harris, Roy. 2003. The Necessity of Artspeak: the language of the arts in the western tradition. Continuum.
Harris, Roy. 2000. Rethinking Writing. Indiana University Press.
Harris, Roy. 2005. The Semantics of Science. Continuum.
Harris, Roy and Talbot Taylor (eds.). 1997. The Western Tradition from Socrates to Saussure. Routledge.
Homepage of Roy Harris: http://www.royharrisonline.com
Homepage of the International Association for the Integrational Study of Language and Communication: http://www.integrationists.com/
Two linguistics journals which feature articles in integrational linguistics (both are available on-line in the library): Language & Communication; Language Sciences